More than 1 in 10 Americans have diabetes today and a shocking 1 in 3 have prediabetes. At Spring Valley Internal Medicine in Washington, DC, and Bethesda, Maryland, the premier team of internal medicine specialists has more than 20 years of experience in diagnosing, treating, and preventing diabetes and its complications. Whether you’re dealing with prediabetes or managing the condition long-term, they’re ready to help. Call the office nearest you or schedule an appointment online today.
Diabetes develops when your blood glucose level is too high. Too much blood glucose can be extremely damaging to your body, potentially causing nerve damage, heart disease, and vision loss. There are two main forms of the disease, Type 1 and Type 2.
Type 1 diabetes occurs when your body doesn't make insulin, which means you can't process glucose and your glucose levels grow too high. This kind of diabetes is typically diagnosed in childhood and is much less common than Type 2 diabetes.
This type of diabetes occurs when you don't produce or use insulin efficiently. It's overwhelmingly the most common form, accounting for 90%-95% of diagnosed diabetes cases. Most patients with Type 2 diabetes are 45 or older, but it's growing more common among younger Americans.
Another form of diabetes, gestational diabetes, occurs only during pregnancy.
Type 1 diabetes is likely caused by a combination of genetics and environmental factors and isn’t preventable. Type 2 diabetes is often caused by lifestyle factors and is preventable in most cases.
The most common risk factors for Type 2 diabetes include being overweight or obese, an unhealthy diet, and a lack of physical activity.
Working with the medical team at Spring Valley Internal Medicine is a key part of controlling your diabetes effectively. If you have Type 1 diabetes, you must take insulin as prescribed and maintain a healthy lifestyle.
For Type 2 diabetes, you might be able to manage your condition with lifestyle changes. This means changing the way you eat, including reducing how much processed food and sugar you consume. Exercise, too, is key to staying healthy with Type 2 diabetes.
If lifestyle changes aren’t adequate, you might also need daily medication to improve how your body handles insulin and to reduce blood glucose levels.
With both types of diabetes, you need to monitor your blood glucose and report unusual changes to your medical providers at Spring Valley Internal Medicine right away.
The Spring Valley Internal Medicine team is here to guide you with personalized diabetes care. Call the office or book an appointment with the online scheduler today.